After birth, children learn to speak imitating adults; hence, hearing is important for them. Congenital hearing loss becomes the primary obstacle towards speech-language development for children.
If hearing problems aren’t congenital or of severe form, and occurs during developmental period, then a child can face various problems like pronunciation troubles, difficulty studying and concentrating, inability understanding directions and others. Many times, mild to moderate hearing loss poses problems for a child’s education, especially attending classroom activities. As a result, the child has poor scholastic performance.
Depending on the cause of hearing loss, children can have permanent or temporary hearing loss as well as congenital or acquired. Generally, temporary hearing loss is of conductive type and permanent hearing loss is sensorineural.
In newborns, congenital conductive hearing loss is usually identified through newborn hearing screening and also may be because the baby has microtia or other facial abnormalities. It may also occur due to ossicular deformities and it can be treated by either rehabilitation with a hearing aid or surgical reconstruction.